How to Make a Fireplace?
Adding a fireplace to your home can be a great way to add warmth and comfort. It can also help keep your living space free of smoke. Before you start building your fireplace, you need to find out what materials you will need and what installation methods will work best for your home. The process of building a fireplace is very similar to building a brick wall. However, there are some differences. For example, you may need to cut a hole in the floor if you plan to install your fireplace indoors. Similarly, you will need a damper if you plan to use your fireplace outside.
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The first step in building a fireplace is to determine where you want the fireplace to go. You can either place the fireplace kit on the floor or set it on top of the firewood. If you plan to place the fireplace kit on the floor, you will need to fill it with firewood. If you want to place it on top of the firewood, you can light it with a road flare or a hand-drill kit.
The next step in building a fireplace is to measure the distance between the back of the fireplace and the front. For example, if you have a mantel that is 30 inches tall, you will need to leave about two inches of clearance between the front of the fireplace and the mantel. This will allow you to fit the board for the fire surround snugly inside the surround. If the board is not able to fit snugly inside the fire surround, you can cut it to match the dimensions of the mantel.
The last step in building a fireplace is to finish the masonry surrounding the firebox. This is often the most decorative part of the fireplace. It keeps the smoke from fogging the room and facilitates the placement of decorations on the mantel. In addition, it helps to keep the firebox from splintering.
Once the masonry surrounding the fireplace is complete, the masonry contractor will cut the brick to encapsulate the vent pipe and secure the side walls. He will also set the lintel in refractory mortar, which is a mixture of fireclay and calcium oxide. The refractory mortar should be a little thicker than the joint size and should be smooth and beveled on the edges.
After laying down the initial row of brick, the masonry contractor will repeat the process of securing the sides and the top of the masonry. He will use metal wedges to secure the side walls. He will then drop plumb lines to ensure the side walls remain in place.
Once the masonry is complete, the lintel will be set in refractory mortar. The lintel will be a bar made of stone or brick that is positioned along the top of the fireplace opening. The lintel can be made from concrete, brick, or stone. The lintel will expand at different rates than the brick, so you need to be careful when removing it.